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Título: Is geography destiny? :
Subtítulo: Lessons from Latin America
Autor: Gallup, John Luke
Autor secundario: Gaviria, Alejandro
Lora, Eduardo
Fecha de publicación: 2003
Descriptor temático: Descriptor.gif GEOGRAFÍA ECONÓMICA
Idioma: Descriptor.gif INGLÉS
Cota: BM 330.98 G175
Resumen: The relationship between geography and development is finally receiving the attention it deserves. For decades the prevailing sentiment was that since geography is unchangeable, there is no reason to take it into account in public policies. Is Geography Destiny? Challenges this premise. The book argues that based on a better understanding of geography, public policy can help control or channel its influence toward the goals of economic and social development. Using both an international perspective and a case study approach, the book explores geographical factors-land productivity, health conditions, natural disaster frequency and intensity, and market access-to help explain differences in development between and within countries. It concludes by proposing policies for overcoming the limitations of geography. Is Geography Destiny? Is a must read for those working in national and regional governments, international organizations, academia, and research. "Is Geography Destiny? Is a fascinating and important book. Because it highlights what many of us wish were not true, it will surely provoke controversy and make some readers angry. We don't want to accept the immutable-whether genes or geography-as and explanation for outcomes (poverty, underdevelopment, and so on) that we find disagreeable and want changed. For those who resist the diagnosis, my advice is to go first to the recommendations. These make clear that good policy can remedy geographic disadvantages (or even turn them into advantages). Is geography destiny then? Yes, if we refuse to pay attention to it. In other words, if you care about development, you should read this book." -Peter Hakim, President, Inter-American Dialogue, Washington, D.C. "Latin America presents us with two fascinating natural experiments, one nested within the other, on how geography influences economic development. The `outer experiment' compares different countries, whereas the `inner experiment' compares different zones within the same country. Still other natural experiments concern the effect of city size on crime rates and the effect of distance from the seacoast on exports. Is Geography Destiny? Makes these comparisons and will appeal to anyone interested in economic development in general and in Latin America in particular." - Jared Diamond, Professor of Geography and Environmental Health Sciences, UCLA, and author of Guns, Germs and Steel "Gallup, Gaviria, and Lora have succeeded in applying rigorous, original thinking to one of the most controversial debates on economic development. No one interested in the determinants and remedies of world poverty can afford to ignore the data and analysis offered in Is Geography Destiny?"
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